By Dr. Mel J. Colon, International Medical Clinics
Bunions are painful “bony” conditions that are usually found on the outer side of the big toe and occur when your big toe joint moves out of alignment. The result is quite painful. Bunions are inherited and not caused by tight or improperly fitting shoes, but inappropriate footwear can aggravate them. And, as bunions get worse, it may be hard to find comfortable shoes. If you don’t take appropriate action soon, it could cause you to alter your gait or cause irreversible damage to major joints, like your ankles, knees, hips and your back. The inherited cause of bunions can be flat feet or too high an arch.
Mild bunions can be treated with orthotics to prevent them from getting worse. This is done by simply fitting your feet with custom-made shoe inserts called orthotics. Worn in your shoe, orthotics correct the way you walk, eliminating the problem and often the need for surgery.
The only permanent solution for moderate to severe bunions is surgery The surgery is always followed by orthotics to go into most any shoes you would want to wear. Therefore, the orthotics help prevent the bunions from reoccurring by eliminating the cause such as flat feet, etc.
A good quote from Medline about the bones in the feet:
“Fourteen of the 26 bones in your feet are in your toes. The toes, particularly your big toe, help you move and keep your balance. Playing sports, running, and receiving a blow to the foot can damage your toes. Wearing shoes that are too loose or too tight can also cause toe problems. Certain diseases, such as severe arthritis, can cause toe problems and pain. Gout often causes pain in the big toe.”